By U.S. Government,Department of Defense,U.S. Navy
Seven specific U.S. military files supply a radical consultant to naval mine conflict, with details on glossy mine countermeasures (MCM), marine mammal platforms, using dolphins and sea lions, natural MCM, Avenger category, SQQ-32 Sonar, SLQ-37, SLQ-38, SLQ-48(V), MH-53E Sea Dragon Helicopters, explosive ordnance disposal, littoral wrestle send (LCS), equipment of actuation, USMC Shallow Water Mine Countermeasures, and masses more.
The historical past of the ocean Mine and its persisted significance in cutting-edge army - David Bushnell has develop into often called the daddy of mine struggle. As a scholar at Yale college, he labored at the improvement of underwater explosives. In his examine, he stumbled on that gunpowder can be exploded underwater. in the course of the American Revolution Bushnell was once approved to layout a sea mine (usually known as a "torpedo" via Bushnell) for use opposed to the British fleet.
21st Century U.S. army Mine conflict - making sure international entry and trade - In February 1991 the army misplaced command of the sea—the North Arabian Gulf— to greater than 1000 mines that have been sown by way of Iraqi forces. Mines critically broken army warships, and commanders aborted an amphibious attack for worry of much more casualties. Spurred on by means of this event, the army has taken constant, competitive and targeted motion to make sure that it's ready for all destiny mine "events."
Solving the Mine Countermeasures challenge: an issue of concentration and precedence - This record studies mine countermeasure operations and the way they influence on present nationwide protection and nationwide army recommendations in addition to provider doctrine.
Shallow-Water Mine Countermeasure potential for USMC floor Reconnaissance resources - because the Marine Corps appears to be like to the longer term with its suggestion of expeditionary maneuver conflict (EMW), shallow-water mines stay a "show-stopper" to the Corps' forcible access requirement. With restricted Naval resources to be had, MAGTF commanders are nonetheless depending on Marine flooring reconnaissance resources for amphibious reconnaissance of power seashore touchdown websites -- to incorporate the detection of shallow-water mines.
The Operational results of Mine war - This paper demonstrates that naval mines are a chance to the operational commander and that there are activities he can take to lessen the operational results of mine battle. the 1st part demonstrates that mine battle is a pertinent challenge for the operational commander through studying 3 precept relationships.
Sweeping alterations for Mine war: Controlling the Mine probability - This record proposes that the U.S. military deter and, if worthwhile, wrestle strength minelayers through pursuing a "pro-active" offensive mine battle method. important to this proposed procedure is the advance, acquisition, and use of distant managed (RECO) mines. it really is argued that, given the ancient difficulties the U.S. has had within the region of naval mine conflict, a method geared toward the competitive deterrence of enemy mine laying be embraced as a way to undertaking forces ashore in destiny amphibious operations.
Inadequate Mine Countermeasure platforms and functions for destiny Amphibious Operations - while a one-thousand-dollar mine can significantly harm a one-billion-dollar ship...it is time to take care of it (Edney). the importance of mines to naval operations has been famous in glossy battle. for instance, in the course of the Korean struggle the manager of Naval Operations, Admiral Forrest P. Sherman saw sooner than an amphibious attack on Wonsan: if you cannot pass the place you need to, in case you are looking to, you have not bought command of the ocean. And command of the ocean is a rock-bottom starting place for all our conflict plans. we've got been very submarine-conscious and air-conscious. Now we are getting mine-conscious.